• Tanning Beds and the Rising Incidence...

    Added On : 1st April 2012

    Tanning Beds and the Rising Incidence of Basal Cell Carcinoma in Women

    Even a little tanning bed exposure can increase skin cancer risk.

  • Endothelial Cell Targets in Behçet Disease

    Added On : 15th April 2012

    Infection may trigger this condition, activating autoreactive lymphocytes to respond not only to the infecting entity but also to hnRNP-A2/B1 proteins.

    Behçet disease (BD) is a chronic multisystem disease that often involves vasculitis and thromboses; these manifestations suggest that the immune system may be targeting autoantigens in the endothelial cells. Indeed, antibodies reacting with endothelial cell substrates occur in the sera of patients with BD. Often, the mouths of patients with BD are colonized by Streptococcus sanguis, and intradermal skin tests with streptococcal antigens often elicit strong delayed hypersensitivity reactions, suggesting that infectious agents may play an etiopathologic role.

  • TIL'ing Immunotherapy

    Added On : 28th April 2012

    Although human cancers express antigens recognized by the immune system, immune responses don't always control tumor growth; tumor cells may adapt to avoid immune surveillance.

    Although melanoma is one of the few spontaneously regressing solid tumors, tumor-specific T cells are often suppressed through inhibitory signals between lymphocyte and melanoma cell. The co-inhibitory molecule B7-H1 is often overexpressed on tumor cells. It impairs T-cell responses through binding of its co-inhibitory receptor PD-1, which is highly expressed on tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes. Investigators examined B7-H1 expression in melanocytic tumors to investigate a link between native, tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and B7-H1 levels.

  • Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer Rates...

    Added On : 13th May 2012

    Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer Rates: A Worldwide Problem

    Cancer registries should include squamous cell and basal cell carcinomas to make trends in these common cancers visible.

  • Basal Cell Carcinomas of the Ear...

    Added On : 27th May 2012

    Basal Cell Carcinomas of the Ear Are More Aggressive Than Those Sited Elsewhere

    An aggressive phenotype was found in 57% of ear BCCs versus 38% of cheek BCCs.

  • Down the Pathway with a MEK Inhibitor

    Added On : 9th June 2012

    Trametinib showed a meaningful benefit for treating BRAF-mutated melanoma in a phase III trial.

    About 50% of melanomas harbor activating mutations in BRAF. The protein kinase BRAF activates the MEK kinase, which, some evidence suggests, has a central role in both BRAF- and NRAS-mutated melanomas and may be an effective therapeutic target in many tumors, even those without BRAF V600E mutations. In phase I and II trials, trametinib, a small-molecule inhibitor of MEK1 and MEK2, caused tumors to regress and disease to stabilize in V600E or V600K BRAF-mutated melanomas.

  • Rash Decisions: Atypical Exanthems...

    Added On : 22nd June 2012

    Rash Decisions: Atypical Exanthems in 260 Consecutive Patients

    Awareness of morphologic pattern and of seasonal viruses may help with a difficult diagnosis.

  • Video Viewing Aids Cryotherapy in Children

    Added On : 5th July 2012

    Distraction techniques, including video viewing, before procedures can be helpful for children.

    Viral warts are a common cutaneous infection in children. Liquid nitrogen cryotherapy, often used in adults, is not well tolerated by young children because of pain. Distraction techniques can decrease anxiety and pain in children undergoing procedures. Investigators performed an observational study to assess children aged 2 to 6 years for anxiety before undergoing cryotherapy for cutaneous warts. The first phase had no intervention. In the second phase, children watched an age-appropriate video (Barney or Kung Fu Panda) before cryotherapy. The modified Yale preoperative anxiety scale (m-YPAS) was administered 2 minutes before cryotherapy. The necessary treatment time, restraint requirements, and caregiver feedback were also noted.

  • Inky Mycobacteria

    Added On : 28th August 2012

    Consider infection when rash develops in a tattoo.

  • Overgrowth Syndromes Reveal a Common Target

    Added On : 11th September 2012

    Dysfunction in the PI3K pathway causes a spectrum of related megalencephaly syndromes.

    A number of overgrowth syndromes affecting tissues of multiple lineages have been linked to specific mutations that can occur postzygotically and involve only diseased tissue. Investigators of two recent studies examined the overgrowth syndromes that affect the brain. Megalencephaly-capillary malformation (MCAP) is associated with skeletal overgrowth and vascular malformations that meet criteria for Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome; hemimegalencephaly (HME) is associated with hypomelanosis of Ito and Proteus syndrome.